Quebec Relies on Great Lakes-Seaway Shipping
Quebec is the gateway to the Great Lakes-Seaway system. The St. Lawrence River acts as a valuable connection to Ontario and U.S. markets farther west. More than 56 million tons of Great Lakes-Seaway cargo is handled at Quebec ports.
Mining companies depend on the Great Lakes-Seaway system to transport iron ore from mines in Quebec and Labrador to steel mills in Ontario, Indiana, Ohio, and Michigan. Major refineries use ships to move petroleum products from Sarnia and Nanticoke, Ontario, to the Port of Montreal and Sept-Iles. A major refinery in Quebec City also ships products through the Seaway to Ontario markets. The international Port of Montreal and the Port of Quebec act as transshipment hubs for grain and other bulk cargoes that are transferred from Great Lakes ships to larger ocean carriers.
Economic Impacts (In 2010 USD)
|Jobs||Personal Income||Business Revenue||Local Purchases||Total Taxes Paid|
|35,000||$1.8 billion||$6.2 billion||$1 billion||$880 million|
Investments (In 2013 USD)
|Invested in Quebec port, terminal and waterway infrastructure|
Quebec Port Activity
|Port||Major Cargoes Handled|
|Côte-Ste-Catherine||Salt, gypsum, potash|
|Montréal||Grain, liquid bulk|
|Port Cartier||Iron ore, grain|
|Quebec||Grain, coal, concentrates, liquid bulk|
|Sept-Îles||Iron ore, general cargo|
|Valleyfield||Salt, liquid bulk|
The Economic Impacts of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway Navigation System, Martin Associates (October 2011)
Note: Figures exclude impacts created by international maritime commerce at St. Lawrence River ports in Quebec, where cargo does not transit the St. Lawrence Seaway lock system to and from the upper lakes
Infrastructure Investment Survey of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway System, Martin Associates (January 2015)
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