michigan

Michigan

Total Employment
Jobs
Total Business Revenue
$
Billion
Total Taxes Paid
$
Million

Michigan Relies on Great Lakes Seaway Shipping

Michigan’s shoreline stretches more than 3,200 miles on four of the five Great Lakes, including over 1,000 miles of Lake Michigan and over 900 miles of Lake Superior. The state’s two peninsulas also border parts of Lakes Huron and Erie. Nearly 64 million tons of inbound and outbound cargoes are handled at Michigan’s Great Lakes ports.*

Michigan has more ports than any other state in the region, an indication of the critical role that shipping plays in the state’s economy. For example, iron ore mined in the upper peninsula is loaded onto lake vessels in Escanaba for transport to steel mills in Gary, Detroit and Cleveland. Limestone quarried in Rogers City and Drummond Island is delivered to ports throughout the region for use in steel-making and construction. Steel products from Europe, South America and Asia are off-loaded from ocean-going vessels in Detroit for use by local manufacturers. Low-sulfur coal is delivered by ship to power generation facilities in Monroe and St. Clair. Raw materials such as sand, gravel, and salt each move through Michigan ports – each playing an important role in the state’s economy.

* includes the bi-state port of Menominee/Marinette

Economic Impacts (In 2010 USD)

JobsPersonal IncomeBusiness RevenueLocal PurchasesTotal Taxes Paid
26,819 $1.8 billion$3.8 billion$637 million$520 million

Investments (In 2013 USD)

Invested in Michigan port, terminal and waterway infrastructure
$115 million

Michigan Port Activity

PortAnnual TonnageMajor Cargoes Handled
Alpena2,223,000Coal, petroleum products, limestone, cement, sand/gravel
Calcite5,868,000Petroleum products, limestone, sand/gravel
Cheboygan74,000Petroleum products, limestone
Detroit*18,875,000Coal, salt, petroleum products, iron ore, steel, cement, general cargo, sand/gravel
Drummond Island1,075,000Limestone, iron ore
Escanaba3,757,000Coal, limestone, iron ore
Gladstone104,000Petroleum products, non-metal minerals
Grand Haven751,000Sand/gravel, cement, coal, limestone, salt
Holland207,000Limestone, sand/gravel, coal
Ludington401,000Sand/gravel, limestone, salt
Manistee271,000Coal, salt
Marine City567,000Limestone
Marquette1,023,000Coal, limestone, iron ore
Marysville418,000Coal, limestone, sand/gravel
Menominee/Marinette203,000Pig iron, limestone, steel, machinery
Monroe2,431,000Coal, limestone
Muskegon1,479,000Coal, salt, limestone, cement, sand/gravel, machinery, slag
Port Dolomite3,087,000Sand/gravel, limestone, iron ore, lime
Port Inland4,023,000Limestone, sand/gravel, lime
Presque Isle and UP8,293,000Iron ore, coal, limestone
Saginaw2,487,000Coal, petroleum products, fertilizer, limestone, sand/gravel, cement, salt
Sault Ste. Marie29,381Non-metal minerals
St. Clair**7,638,000Coal, limestone, sand/gravel
St. Joseph255,000Limestone, cement, sand/gravel
Stoneport6,304,000Limestone, petroleum products, sand/gravel, clay

(Source: Waterborne Commerce of the United States, Part III, USACE, CY 2013)
*Includes Detroit Harbor, Rouge River, Ecorse, Wyandotte, and Trenton
**Includes facilities on the St. Clair River


Sources:
The Economic Impacts of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway Navigation System, Martin Associates (October 2011)
Infrastructure Investment Survey of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway System, Martin Associates (January 2015)

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