$1.7 Billion in New Port Facilities
Across the region, ports authorities and private marine terminals are investing in new facilities and equipment, expanding their ability to serve both existing customers and new markets.
Port of Detroit – Public Dock and Terminal
$21 million investment
The Detroit Wayne County Port Authority (DWCPA) dedicated a new Public Dock & Terminal project along the Detroit River in June of 2011. The $21 million project was funded by a variety of competitive and discretionary grant programs. Primary project partners, and funders, were the U.S. Federal Highway Administration and the Michigan Department of Transportation.
The Public Dock & Terminal site is a 1.2-acre parcel with 480 feet of frontage on the Detroit River. Prior to development, the site was a parking lot bordered by 112 feet of unimproved shoreline and a 368-foot long marginal wharf. Challenges to development of this site were supplemented by unique engineering plans to salvage existing infrastructure, overcome interference from previous land use, and maintain active utility operation throughout construction.
The 21,000 foot Terminal building includes a U.S. Customs processing area for visitors, passengers and tourists from foreign ports. A new 250-foot off-shore wharf supports docking vessels, sightseeing, and other recreational activities. The dock is the only public access facility to extend into the Detroit River, and required special approvals from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
About the Port of Detroit
The Detroit Wayne County Port Authority was created in 1978 by the Michigan State Legislature to plan, develop and promote the greater Detroit area as a freight transportation and distribution hub for the Great Lakes. It is the third largest steel-handling port in the nation and also handles coal, iron ore, cement, aggregate and other road-building commodities. Additionally, the Port Authority oversees and promotes commercial and recreation activities along 32 miles of the Detroit River from Lake St. Clair to the Wayne/Monroe County border.
Port of Thunder Bay – Mobile Harbor Crane
$3.6 million (Cdn) investment
To enhance the port’s heavy-lift cargo business, the Thunder Bay Port Authority purchased a Liebherr LHM 320 mobile harbor crane in 2012. The crane is the largest mobile harbor crane west of Montreal on the St. Lawrence Seaway. With a lifting capacity of 104 tons and a reach of 18 meters, the crane is the first of its kind in Thunder Bay. The equipment is state-of-the-art with the capability to handle project cargo, break bulk such as steel and forest products, containers, and bulk cargo. It has the capacity to move bulk cargo out of a ship at a rate of up to 1,100 tons per hour.
Total expenditure for the crane was $3.6 million with $2.6 million from the Port, and $1 million provided by a grant from the Northern Ontario Heritage Fund Corporation. The investment added to the modernization of cargo handling and increased the Port’s competitiveness within the Great Lakes-Seaway System.
The crane’s inaugural lift was a shipment of wind turbine tower sections that originated in Spain for a wind farm in the western United States.
About the Port of Thunder Bay
Founded in 1999, the Port of Thunder Bay is located at the western Canadian terminus of the St. Lawrence Seaway System. Known as Canada’s Gateway to the West, the Port is an important link in the supply chain for dimensional cargoes destined for wind farms, mine sites, and the oil sands in western Canada. Other cargoes include coal, potash, liquid bulk, and forest products. Thunder Bay is also an export port of western Canadian grain for markets in Europe, North Africa and South America.
Port of Cleveland – Rail Expansion
$4.4 million investment
In January, 2012, the Port of Cleveland initiated construction of approximately 5,500 feet of additional rail track and road improvements within the port. The new rail loop allows all cargo shipped through the Port to move on either the CSX or Norfolk Southern (NS) railroads, connecting the two sides of the Port’s rail system for the first time. Slightly more than a mile long, the rail loop was the Port’s largest construction project in a decade and was built with help from the State of Ohio, which provided approximately $3 million for the $4.4 million project. Cleveland Commercial Railroad Company, which operates 23 miles of railroad in the area, created a new subsidiary, the Cleveland Harbor Belt Railroad (CHB), to operate and market the new rail loop.
This dedicated rail loop allows for the Port to compete for customers carrying over-sized and large volumes of cargo as well as extending its reach to half the U.S. population. With the loop, the Port has more than doubled its rail capacity – with room for at least 60 rail cars – giving more customers the opportunity to use the Port to transport larger volumes. CHB works with the Port, NS and CSX to market to companies that need this type of service.
The project was completed on September 12, 2012, with the first rail car loaded in October 2012.
About the Port of Cleveland
The Port of Cleveland is a key to Northeast Ohio’s global competitiveness by providing the quickest route between North American’s Heartland and Northern Europe. An economic engine for Northeast Ohio, the Port brings 13-million tons of cargo through the Cleveland Harbor, and with it $1.8 billion in annual economic activity and nearly 18,000 jobs. As a Green Port on a Great Lake, the Port of Cleveland plays a key role in the environmental restoration and revitalization of Lake Erie and the Cuyahoga River.
Oshawa Port Authority – Dock and Rail Improvements
$13.5 (Cdn) investment
Two main projects have been undertaken in the past several years in support of sustaining economic growth for the Port’s varied businesses. Many of the Port tenants are heavy industrial operations and have specific land and infrastructure needs. In 2010, a $10 million Port Consolidation Project began with financing provided by the Canadian federal government. The project involves moving heavier industrial uses and activities from the West Wharf to an expanded East Wharf. The project will give the Port greater capacity to serve its existing customers and attract new business. It will also provide additional berth for ships and more cargo handling space. Additionally, $200,000 was committed toward the cost of upgrading fencing and landscaping along specific parcels of land.
The Oshawa Farewell Spur Expansion Project – a joint venture between CN, the Port Authority and Port companies – will connect the East Wharf directly to the main CN rail line and positions the Port for peak logistics efficiency for its tenants. The total cost of the project is in excess of $3.5 million.
About the Port of Oshawa
The Port of Oshawa is the Durham Region’s gateway to world markets through the St. Lawrence Seaway. Located east of Toronto on the shores of Lake Ontario, the Port handles $23 million worth of cargo annually, from winter road salt, steel products and agriculture fertilizer to liquid asphalt and grain.
Port of Duluth – Garfield Pier Redevelopment Project
$16 million investment
On September 5, 2013, the Duluth Seaway Port Authority was awarded a $10 million federal TIGER Grant from the U.S. Department of Transportation. The award represents a major investment in that area’s multimodal transportation system and involves the rebuilding and expansion of the Garfield Pier (Docks C&D).
The undertaking is a major adaptive reuse project which re-establishes the dock’s structural integrity as well as connecting the 28-acre site to existing road access and rail infrastructure. Once complete, the new platform will markedly expand the Port’s general cargo handling capacity.
Cargill donated Garfield Pier to the Port Authority in 1989; the Port Authority has since spent upwards of $3 million to demolish the old grain elevators and prepare the site for future capital upgrades. The redevelopment project is a major undertaking for the Port, costing a total of $16 million. In addition to the $10 million in federal funding, project costs will be covered by nearly $3 million in funds from the Minnesota Port Development Assistance Program with the balance committed by the Port Authority itself.
The plan encompasses several components including: dock reconstruction, resurfacing the property, dredging adjacent waters for ship berths, installing road and rail infrastructure links, and making safety and security enhancements.
About the Duluth Seaway Port Authority
The Port Authority is an independent, public agency created by the Minnesota State Legislature to foster regional maritime commerce, promote trade development, facilitate industrial development and serve as an advocate for port interests. The Port of Duluth-Superior is the largest tonnage port on the Great Lakes and annually moves roughly 40 million tons of cargo including iron ore, coal, grain, limestone, cement and salt plus a variety of heavy-lift and project cargo.
Port of Hamilton – Infrastructure Redevelopment
$148 million (Cdn) investment
A number of significant infrastructure investment projects have been pursued at the Port of Hamilton. The Hamilton Port Authority (HPA) began a long term program to renewing the infrastructure at Pier 22 in 2008. The 103-acre parcel was purchased in 2006 and plans for the property were developed to create multi-modal access (marine, rail, truck and pipeline) to accommodate a variety of customers.
The Port Authority invested $30 million over six years to the redevelopment of Pier 22. Port tenants contributed another $40 million to the project. Completed in 2012, the project involved the installation of an overhead pipeline rack, dredging, and the construction of a 330 meter Seaway draft dock wall on the north face of the pier. This portion of the project also involved a $2.1 million roadway extension, including utilities, to facilitate user access.
In addition to the Pier 22 re-development, HPA invested more than $13 million in 2012.
- Replacement of the roof at a warehouse facility with $1.9 million in HPA funds.
- A road and rail bridge were substantially upgraded at a cost of approximately $250,000. These upgrades were part of the Port’s ongoing maintenance program, and also contributed to an expansion of the rail infrastructure and marine-rail links port-wide.
Beyond the HPA investments, more than $55 million in facility improvements were made by Port tenants in 2012. These included:
- Adding to the Port’s growing capacity for agricultural commodities with major expansions undertaken at Agrico (new storage capacity for fertilizer), Parrish & Heimbecker (two new grain storage domes), and Richardson International (new receiving pit, elevation leg and scales).
- Launching a new facility by Aecon/Dufferin for asphalt cement under the Yellowline banner, and expansions were undertaken by LaFarge, McAsphalt and Bermingham Construction.
About the Port of Hamilton
Located at the western end of Lake Ontario, the Port of Hamilton is one of the largest Canadian ports on the Great Lakes. It is also one of the busiest with more than 600 vessel calls annually. Commodities moving through the Port include agriculture, salt, petroleum, steel and break bulk and project cargo such as windmill blades.
Port of Toledo – Ironville Terminal
$23 million investment
Comprising a total of 181 acres, the Ironville Terminal is an industrial site developed by the Toledo-Lucas County Port Authority. Purchased in 2008 for $3.4 million, the acquisition made the Port of Toledo the largest land mass U.S. seaport on the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway System.
The development of the terminal was financed with both public and private resources. The site is owned by the Port Authority which has entered into a long-term agreement with Midwest Terminals of Toledo to manage marine operation. The total project cost was $23 million and provided up to 100,000 man hours of skilled construction labor for the community.
Site development was conducted in three phases. The first phase involved the installation of approximately 20,000 linear feet of rail, which were connected with the nearby Norfolk Southern rail line. Phase 2 was comprised of improvements to the river channel and shoreline to prepare a deep water marine dock to accommodate barges, Lakers , and ocean-going vessels. Approximately 65,000 cubic yards of sediment have been dredged to provide access to the dock face, and 520 feet of the existing dock face was improved.
The last phase included the installation of a multi-modal delivery system. The new conveyor and material transfer system is capable of handling any type of dry bulk goods. A 19,000 square foot warehouse was constructed and has a clear height of 39 feet, two rail spurs and an overhead crane. An additional 5,000 feet of rail for loading operations was also installed during this phase. The project was completed in March 2013.
About the Toledo-Lucas County Port Authority
Founded in 1955, the Toledo-Lucas County Port Authority was the first port authority established in the state of Ohio. Today, the Port Authority’s business includes maritime, aviation and development. That business is shaped by its mission to move people and cargo through the region while employing innovative programs to stimulate development in our region. The Toledo-Lucas County Port Authority operates the Port of Toledo, Toledo Express Airport and Toledo Executive Airport.
Port of Oswego – East Terminal Intermodal Connector Project
$4.3 million investment
The Port of Oswego began its largest construction expansion project in 2013 with the East Terminal Intermodal Connector Project. Funding comes from a $1.5 million U.S. Department of Transportation TIGER Grant and $1.75 million from the New York State Department of Transportation Assistance Program. When complete, the project will nearly double the Port footprint and create 100 skilled construction jobs for the local community.
The project consists of three components:
- Construction of a connector roadway and rehabilitation of 1800 feet of existing railroad track along the shore of Lake Ontario.
- Construction of two new sidetracks (3,000 track-feet).
- Rehabilitation of 1,500 feet of rail track on the Port’s east dock to accommodate increased rail traffic and to allow for heavy lift projects from ships to have direct access to the CSX railroad.
The new roadway will connect the port’s existing East Terminal to a new, six acre open-storage area. The project enhances the port’s expansion into farm product and renewable energy markets, in addition to supporting the increased use of port facilities by a long-term port users. Additionally, the improvements to the road system will reduce the number of truck trips by nearly 7,000 in the first five years, and reduce CO2 emissions by almost 340,000 lbs.
About the Port of Oswego
The Port is the first U.S. port of call on the U.S. side of Lake Ontario. Its strategic location puts it less than 350 miles from 60 million people. A multi-modal operation, the Port of Oswego handles aluminum, grains, salt, fertilizer, petroleum products, cement and windmill and nuclear power plant components. Trade through the Port, as well as the employment it generates in the region, creates over $1 billion in local economic activity.
Port of Green Bay – Cat Island Chain Restoration Project
$22 million investment
The Cat Island Chain Restoration Project began in October 2012 and developed out of the 1988 Lower Green Bay Remedial Action plan. The project is a partnership between the Port of Green Bay, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Brown County, Wisconsin Departments of Transportation and Natural Resources, University of Wisconsin-Sea Grant, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Lower Fox River/Green Bay Natural Resources Trustee Council, and 14 port terminal operators.
The Cat Islands were a chain of small islands that were washed away in the mid-1970s by high water levels, storm waves, and ice. They historically functioned much like coastal barrier islands – extending 2.5 miles into Green Bay – protecting a large expanse of shallow bay waters and wetlands that provided fish and wildlife safe habitat.
The project site is located just north of the mouth of the Fox River. The project reconstructed the Cat Islands protecting and restoring approximately 1,225 acres of shallow water and wetland habitat with construction of a 2.5 mile long wave barrier along the remnant Cat Island shoals. The wave barrier provided the base for the construction of three new islands which were built from beneficially reused fine sands dredged from the outer navigation channel. The three islands total about 272 acres and will help strengthen the lower Green Bay ecosystem while fostering the diversity of habitat for migratory birds and various fish species.
The project was undertaken in several phases. The Brown County Port & Resource Recovery Department received a $1.5 million EPA Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) grant to help fund the first phase of the project covering a portion of the wave barrier extending 3,900 feet into the Bay.
The total project cost $22 million, with 35 percent or about $6 million provided by Brown County for the additional construction phases that were completed by the Corps in cooperation with Brown County. Those phases completed the remainder of the wave barrier and side dikes and were completed in 2014. The islands will then be filled by the Corps using clean dredge material from the maintenance of the Green Bay Harbor over the next 30 years.
About the Port of Green Bay
The Port of Green Bay is the western-most port of Lake Michigan. An extensive network of highways and railroads provide a direct connection from the Port to regional markets and America’s Heartland. There are 14 port businesses located along three miles of the Fox River. These businesses move more than two million tons of cargo on more than 200 ships each year. Port businesses handle dry bulk commodities such as coal, limestone and salt, bulk liquids like petroleum products, liquid asphalt and tallow, and breakbulk commodities including wood pulp and forest products in addition to oversized cargo like machinery and wind components.